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Download e-book for iPad: A Concise History of Finland: the 11th to the 21th Century by Soile Varis, Petrena Barnes, Ari Hakkarainen

By Soile Varis, Petrena Barnes, Ari Hakkarainen

In 2017, Finland will rejoice its a hundredth Independence Day. it's been a protracted and turbulent route to prosperity for this Northern eu state, yet this day, Finland is a good democracy. This ebook outlines the main ancient occasions that created the state. the tale of Finland starts off from the early heart a while, and takes readers to the hot demanding situations set through globalization.

Geographically positioned among East and West, Finland has been inspired and governed via either cultures. The King of Sweden governed Finland till the early nineteenth century, while he misplaced the scarcely inhabited territory to the Czar of Russia. a hundred years in the past, while the final Czar used to be dethroned, Finland seized the instant, and have become a sovereign country. It, even if, intended the start of a civil warfare. Later, Finns fought for his or her independence within the moment international War.

History is not approximately wars by myself. The publication describes how foreign relationships and a powerful president can outline a country for many years. the idea that of Finlandization can nonetheless be a sensitive topic for Finns, however it is an elemental a part of the nation's history.

Today, Finland is the house of a few 5.4 million humans, hundreds of thousands of offended Birds, rock crew Nightwish and Nokia. Finland is additionally well known for its excessive ratings in worldwide college process comparisons and for its good value competitiveness.

A Concise historical past of Finland begins from 1000-year previous occasions, however the concentration of the booklet is at the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The ebook is an ideal consultant to Finland's earlier for tourists, scholars, company humans, media, and everybody drawn to historical past.

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Additional info for A Concise History of Finland: the 11th to the 21th Century

Sample text

West Poland belonged to Germany's sphere of interest. Germany attacked Poland on September 1, 1939, starting World War II. The pact signed in August 1939 between Germany and the Soviet Union placed Finland in Soviet's sphere of interest. In the autumn of 1939, Finland and the Soviet Union once more negotiated exchanges of territories, but Finland's government refused to give in. On November 26, 1939, the Soviet Union claimed that Finns had fired cannon shots into the village of Mainila. Finland denied the accusations, but the Soviet Union exploited fake cannon shots as an excuse to attack Finland on November 30, 1939.

The new legislation allowed Russia to set general laws, while The Diet of Finland was limited to issuing statements concerning the planned laws. Finland's Post Office was closed down in 1890. Russia was declared the official language for administration. The Finnish army was disbanded. In 1904, Finland’s people were relieved from compulsory military service because of strikes during conscription. Finland had to pay additional military taxes. The unification process led to censorship, newspaper closures, the firing of civil servants, and deportations.

Migration continued until the 1980s. The mechanization of farming, more efficient production, and increased fertilization created an excess of farming products. The state started paying subsidies for uncultivated fields. Instead of being farmed, these fields were allowed to rest or re-forested. In 1975, 60% of Finns lived in cities in southern Finland and in the main towns of the provinces. Near the cities, suburbs were built that provided housing, shopping malls, kindergartens, and schools. Extensive offerings of public services were created in order to establish a democratic welfare state.

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