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New PDF release: A History of the Spanish Lexicon: A Linguistic Perspective

By Steven N. Dworkin

This background of the Spanish lexicon is written from the interacting views of linguistic and cultural switch and within the mild of advances within the examine of language touch and lexical swap. the writer describes the language inherited from spoken Latin within the Iberian Peninsula in the course of six centuries of Roman career and examines the measure to which it imported phrases from the languages - of which in basic terms Basque survives - of pre-Roman Spain. He then exhibits how Germanic phrases have been imported both in a roundabout way via Latin or outdated French or at once by way of touch with the Visigoths. He describes the importation of Arabisms following the eighth-century Arab conquest of Spain, distinguishing these documented in medieval assets from these followed for daily use, a lot of which live on in sleek Spanish. He considers the impact of outdated French and previous Provencal and identifies overdue direct and oblique borrowings from Latin, together with the Italian components taken up in the course of the Renaissance. After outlining minor impacts from languages equivalent to Flemish, Portuguese, and Catalan, Professor Dworkin examines the results at the lexicon of touch among Spanish and the indigenous languages of South and critical the US, and the effect of touch with English. The publication is geared toward complicated scholars and students of Spanish linguistics and should curiosity experts in Hispanic literary and cultural experiences.

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DCECH argues for the Celtic origin of Sp. brío ‘gallantry, bearing; enthusiasm, vigor’, a noun documented as early as the thirteenth-century Alfonsine Estoria de España, as well as in medieval Portuguese (see IVPM: 2, 24a). Yet, given the stronger impact of Celtic in southern Gallo-Romance and the use of OProv. v. brio). There are very few Spanish adjectives and verbs of pre-Roman origin. Almost all specialists agree that Sp. izquierdo, Ptg. esquerdo, 20 The early fifteenth-century Escorial glossary (Castro 1936) employs bruxa to gloss Lat.

2 The pre-Roman languages of the Iberian Peninsula A substantial corpus of short texts in a non-Indo-European language (or a group of related varieties), traditionally labeled Iberian, has been found in eastern and southern Spain, notably in Navarre, regions of Aragon north of the Ebro, Catalonia, Valencia, and Andalusia. The overwhelming majority of these inscriptions are written in a script comprised of signs from the Phoenician and Greek writing 20 A history of the Spanish lexicon systems, used partly as an alphabet and partly as a syllabary (with respect to stops and the following vowel), and which has only been partially deciphered and interpreted.

6 Selected etymological controversies Although most specialists in Spanish etymology recognize the presence of pre-Roman lexical items, they do not all agree on which words come from the pre-Roman languages of the Iberian Peninsula. The Bonn Romanist Harri Meier and his students took an extreme counterposition, rejecting almost all pre-Roman bases. In their place they offered undocumented Latin bases, for the most part alleged derivatives of authentic Latin word families. The etymologies rest on very tenuous semantic connections and, on the formal side, resort to 16 For a detailed discussion of this word’s etymology, see Hubschmid (1964).

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