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Download e-book for iPad: A Working Guide to Process Equipment by Norman Lieberman, Elizabeth Lieberman

By Norman Lieberman, Elizabeth Lieberman

The most modern tools for troubleshooting and holding technique equipment

Applicable to a extensive diversity of technicians and industries and completely up to date all through, A operating advisor to approach Equipment, Fourth variation, explains the best way to diagnose, troubleshoot, and proper issues of chemical and petroleum refining procedure gear. 9 new chapters conceal:

  • Tray layout information
  • Shell-and-tube warmth exchanger layout information
  • Relief valve process layout
  • Vapor lock and exchanger flooding in steam structures
  • Steam new release working and layout info
  • Wastewater strippers
  • Thermodynamics -- the way it applies to approach gear
  • Centrifugal pumps -- lowering seal and bearing mess ups
  • Hand calculations for distillation towers
  • Vapor -- liquid equilibrium, absorption, and stripping calculations

Filled with examples and illustrations, this sensible source demonstrates how idea applies to fixing real-world plant operation difficulties. chosen hand calculation equipment also are provided.

Comprehensive insurance includes:
Distillation Tower Trays * Tower strain keep an eye on * Distillation Towers * Reboilers * Tower Internals * tools * Packed Towers * Steam and Condensate structures * Bubble element and Dew aspect * Steam Strippers * Draw-Off Nozzle Hydraulics * Pumparounds and Tower warmth Flows * Condensers and Tower strain regulate * Air Coolers * Deaerators and Steam structures * Steam new release * Wastewater Strippers * Vacuum structures * Steam generators * floor Condensers * Shell-and-Tube warmth Exchangers * Fired warmers * Refrigeration platforms * Cooling Water platforms * Catalytic results * Centrifugal Pumps * keep an eye on Valves * Separators * Centrifugal Compressors and Surge * Reciprocating Compressors * Corrosion * Fluid stream in Pipes * Super-Fractionation level * computing device keep watch over * box Troubleshooting

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Extra resources for A Working Guide to Process Equipment

Example text

The liquid level has risen above the upper level indication connection point. Level-trol This is the most common device used to measure levels in vessels. It works by measuring pressure differences between two level taps at different elevations. Thermocouple A thermocouple consists of two wires of dissimilar metals. When joined and heated at their junction, a small electric current is generated. The hotter, the greater the current. That’s how we measure temperature by measuring the current produced by a thermocouple.

If my mother had served me a hydrocarbon soup, then for every one weight percent of evaporation, the soup would have cooled by 2ºF. Then she would have said the carrier gas or stripping steam would be reducing the hydrocarbon partial pressure. I have designed process equipment where the carrier medium is the air. Sometimes we use nitrogen or hydrogen. But mainly we use steam because it’s cheap and condensable. We use steam: • in the feed to towers. • as the stripping medium in steam strippers.

Tower flooding and loss of product separation efficiency will result. This is called liquid flooding or excessive downcomer backup due to loss of the downcomer liquid seal. 3 Size of the Big Can I explained that as we add more heat to the big can (more reboiler duty) and more capacity to the No. 1 coil (more condenser duty) that fractionation would get better. Better in the sense that the proof of the vodka would go up without reducing the production of vodka. Suppose, though, that the velocity of vapor leaving the big can becomes too great.

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