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Download e-book for kindle: Agricultural enlightenment : knowledge, technology, and by Peter M. Jones

By Peter M. Jones

Agricultural Enlightenment explores the modernization of the agricultural economic system in Europe throughout the lens of the Enlightenment. It makes a speciality of the second one 1/2 the eighteenth century and emphasizes the position of important wisdom within the technique of agrarian switch and agricultural improvement. As such it invitations financial historians to answer the problem issued through Joel Mokyr to appear past quantitative info and to take heavily the argument that cultural elements, extensively understood, can have aided or hindered the evolution of agriculture within the early sleek interval ("what humans knew and believed" had an instantaneous relating their monetary habit [Mokyr, The Enlightened Economy]). proof in aid of the concept a effectively obtainable provide of agricultural wisdom is helping to give an explanation for the trajectory of the agricultural economic system is drawn from the entire international locations of Europe. The publication comprises situations reviews of speedy rural modernization in Scotland and Denmark the place Agricultural Enlightenment was once rapidly through full-scale Agricultural Revolution.

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366. 54 See Harro Maat, Science Cultivating Practice: A History of Agricultural Science in the Netherlands and its Colonies, 1863–1986 (Dordrecht, 2001), pp. 29–31. 55 See Robin, Aeschlimann, and Feller, Histoire et agronomie, p. 59; Christian L. , ‘ “The Principles of Rational Agriculture” by Albrecht Thaer (1752–1828): An Approach to the Sustainability of Cropping Systems at the Beginning of the 19th Century’, Journal of Plant Nutrition, 166:6 (2003), 687–98. OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 17/10/15, SPi Agriculture, Industry, and Commerce 31 started to metamorphose into full-blown Agricultural Revolution, whereas nearly everywhere else the rural economy was responding to the stimulus of market forces to a degree far greater than had been the case in 1750—aristocratic landowner nostalgia for a return to the ancien régime notwithstanding.

12 D. W. Jones, ‘The Workings and Measurement of Pre-Industrial “Organic” Economies: Conjectures on English Agrarian Growth, 1660–1820’, The Journal of European Economic History, 35:1 (2006), 182. 13 Rougier de la Bergerie, Considérations générales sur l’histoire, pp. 140–2. OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 17/10/15, SPi Agriculture, Industry, and Commerce 19 to raw materials brought into being by the capital input and entrepreneurship of the productive class. The agricultural economy can be considered the foundation and source of the wealth of nations, then.

The advice offered in such publications tended to consist of miscellaneous scraps of social, ethical, and technical information set in a pre-industrial and patriarchal framework. The agricultural estate was viewed as a gift which the landowner held on trust from God. Not until the 1800s would such writings succumb to the conception of agriculture as an enterprise, a viewpoint defended in the German territories by Albrecht Daniel Thaer (see p. 52). Thaer drew his inspiration not from native traditions or from physiocracy, but from the writings of Adam Smith and Arthur Young.

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