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Public Service Innovations in China by Yijia Jing, Stephen P. Osborne PDF

By Yijia Jing, Stephen P. Osborne

This edited quantity offers case reports of the transformation of China’s public providers over the last decade in China. because the nation has skilled basic adjustments in its demographic, monetary, social and environmental buildings, calls for on public companies were expanding vastly, and became unprecedentedly various. In reaction, ideas to supply new providers, extend carrier recipients, undertake new applied sciences, have interaction companions, and streamline provider procedures were hired largely in China to extend provider potency, increase caliber, amplify insurance, and enhance citizen pride. This ebook examines admired instances of public carrier ideas in China, disclosing their explanations, styles, diffusion, and results. those instances supply fascinating proof concerning the nature and effectiveness of public provider techniques in China whereas highlighting to what volume those concepts may be defined through permitted theories and even if new idea construction is required. This ebook should be of price to teachers and policymakers looking to comprehend the evolving chinese language political method.

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Poems of Zhang Yan (Chinese classical literature series) - download pdf or read online

By 张炎

《山中白云词》,宋代张炎的词集。他的词多写个人哀怨并长于咏物,常以清空之笔,写沦落之悲,带有鲜明的时代印记。因他精通音律,审音拈韵,细致入微,遣词造句,流丽清畅,时有精警之处。张炎为词主张"清空"、"骚雅",倾慕周邦彦、姜夔而贬抑吴文英。张炎的创作和词论对后世均有深远影响,清代许多词人都尊崇张炎,把他和姜夔并称。

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Download e-book for kindle: Remembering Simplified Hanzi, Volume 1: How Not to Forget by James W. Heisig, Timothy W. Richardson

By James W. Heisig, Timothy W. Richardson

In the end the technique that has helped millions of novices memorize jap kanji has been tailored to assist scholars with chinese language characters. "Book 1 of Remembering Simplified Hanzi" covers the writing and that means of the 1,000 most typically used characters within the simplified chinese language writing process, plus one other 500 which are most sensible realized at an early level. (Book 2 provides one other 1,500 characters for a complete of 3,000.) Of severe value to the method present in those pages is the systematic arranging of characters in an order most suitable to memorization. within the chinese language writing process, strokes and easy elements are nested inside of really easy characters, which could, in flip, function components of extra complex characters etc. making the most of this enables a logical ordering, making it attainable for college students to technique so much new characters with earlier wisdom that may significantly facilitate the educational process.Guidance and special directions are supplied alongside the way in which. scholars are taught to hire 'imaginative memory' to affiliate every one character's part components, or 'primitive elements', with each other and with a key notice that has been rigorously chosen to symbolize an incredible that means of the nature. this is often complete in the course of the construction of a 'story' that engagingly ties the primitive components and key be aware jointly. during this approach, the collections of dots, strokes, and elements that make up the characters are linked in memorable model, dramatically shortening the time required for studying and aiding to avoid characters from slipping out of reminiscence.

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New PDF release: Scattered Sand

By Hsiao-Hung Pai

Every year, two hundred million employees from China's colossal rural inside trip among towns and provinces looking for employment: the most important human migration in background. This integral military of labour money owed for half China's GDP, yet is an unorganized workforce''scattered sand,' in chinese language parlance'and the main marginalized and impoverished personnel within the country.For years, the award-winning journalist Hsiao-Hung Pai travelled throughout China, vacationing labourers on Olympic development websites, within the coal mines and brick kilns of the Yellow River zone, and on the factories of the Pearl River Delta. She witnessed the result of the 2009 riots within the Muslim province of Xinjiang; observed cities in rubble greater than a yr after the huge earthquake in Sichuan; and was once reunited with long-lost kin, estranged on account that her mother's kin fled for Taiwan throughout the Civil struggle. Scattered Sand is the results of her travels: a finely wrought portrait of these left in the back of by way of China's dramatic social and financial advances.

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Read e-book online New sources of early Chinese history : an introduction to PDF

By Edward L. Shaughnessy

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Read e-book online ’Avant-garde’ Art Groups in China, 1979-1989 PDF

By Paul Gladston

This booklet supplies a serious account of 4 of the main major avant-garde chinese language artwork teams and institutions of the overdue Nineteen Seventies and ’80s. it really is made up principally of conversations performed by way of the writer with participants of those organisations that supply perception into the situations of inventive construction throughout the decade prime as much as the Tiananmen sq. bloodbath of 1989. The conversations are supported through a longer advent and different finished notes that provide an in depth assessment of the ancient situations less than which the teams and institutions developed.

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Get Collection of ZhangLei (Chinese classical literature series) PDF

By 张耒

张耒是北宋晚期的一位重要诗人,张耒青年时代游学陈州,以文章受知于学官苏辙,因而得从苏轼门下,苏轼称其文“汪洋淡泊,有一唱三叹之声”,在苏轼的挹提携下,张耒与黄庭坚、晁補之,泰颧一时并有文名,世称“苏门四学士”,本书是所传张耒各种本子的合集,极具研究收藏价值。

张耒(1054-1114),北宋诗人。字文潜,号柯山。祖籍亳州谯县(今安徽省亳县)人,生长于楚州淮阴(今属江苏省清江)。为“苏门四学士”之一。张耒自幼聪慧,13岁即能文,从学于苏轼,颇受苏轼的爱重。神宗·熙宁六年(1073年)中进士,历任临淮主簿、寿安尉、咸平县丞,著作郎、史馆检诗等职。哲宗·结圣初,以直龙阁知润州。徽宗·元祐初占试馆阁,授秘书省正字,官至起居舍人。绍圣中被指为元祐党人,谪监黄州酒税,徙复州,数遭贬谪。徽宗继位,始立黄州通判,知兖州,召为太常少卿,不久出知颍、汝二州。在颍州得到苏轼死讯,举哀行服。自苏轼、苏辙、黄庭坚、晁补之相继去世,张耒独存,士人均向他问学。张耒文风,源于三苏,主张文理并重,平易舒坦。对南宋诗人学习唐调,开了风气。风格与柳永、秦观相近,代表作有《少年游》、《风流子》等。《少年游》写闺情离思,那娇羞少女的情态跃然纸上,让人羡煞爱煞,那份温情美妙真是有点“浓得化不开”之酣意。其佳句“漱井消午醉,扫花坐晚凉”,“川坞半夜雨,卧冷五更秋”,“翠浪有声黄帽动,春风无力彩旗垂”等,很受人们称赏。创作以诗歌成就最高,集中有乐府诗、古律诗30余卷,近1700首,除个人抒情遣怀之作外,多以田野风光、稼穑艰难和民生疾苦居多,颇有白居易、张籍、王建之风,不尚雕琢。如《田家》、《海州道中》等。他的写景抒怀诗,真醇自然,清新圆润,而人寻味。如咏乡土风物和农夫忧乐,反映出卖苦力者艰辛的《劳歌》,描绘农人劳动“半归仓廪半输王”痛苦的《输麦行》,写迫于饥寒农民操戈为盗的《和晁应之悯农》等,在题材和思想的开拓上颇具新意。张耒诗风以平易、流丽、晓畅见长,很少硬语僻典,晁补之曾在《题文潜诗册后》赞称说:“君诗容易不著意,忽似春风开百花。”。苏轼则在《答张文潜书》中称其文甚似苏辙:“汪洋淡泊,有一唱三叹之声。”不过,张耒写诗,长于锻造佳句,短于谋篇布局,有时琢炼不够,部分作品不免流于草率粗疏。张耒写词甚少,《能改斋漫录》卷十七录其《少年游》、《秋蕊香》词,谓:“元祐诸公皆有乐府,唯张仅见此二词。”可知其词当时却不多见。今人辑得《柯山词》仅6首,其中《秋蕊香》、《风流子》写得深婉多情,风调略与秦观祠相近。张耒有《柯山集》50卷,《拾遗》12卷,《续拾遗》1卷,存武英殿聚珍藏版福建本、广雅书局本。《张右史文集》60卷,有《四部丛刊》影印旧钞本,《宛丘集》76卷,有《四库全书》本。见于《宛丘集》而不见于《柯山集》的诗文,已辑入《拾遗》中。
  这次整理的《张耒集》,是所传张耒各种本子的合集。此外,我们又从《竹坡诗话》、《诗林广记》、《全芳憊祖》等书中辑出诗十六首(句)、赞文一首,编为《佚文辑存》附后。有关张耒的传记资料及版本序跋等,亦一并附后憊考。底本原有的序跋、年谱等,也并入书末附录中。张耒另有《张太史明道杂志》一卷,属笔记体专著,这次整理未予收入。为了查检方便,书后附有篇目索引。

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Download e-book for kindle: Machine Translation: 10th China Workshop, CWMT 2014, Macau, by Xiaodong Shi, Yidong Chen

By Xiaodong Shi, Yidong Chen

This ebook constitutes the refereed complaints of the tenth China Workshop on computing device Translation, CWMT 2014, held in Macau, China, in November 2014. the ten revised complete English papers offered have been conscientiously reviewed and chosen from 15 submissions of English papers. The papers disguise the subsequent subject matters: computer translation; information choice; observe segmentation; entity popularity; MT evaluation.

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Download PDF by Christoph Rehage: China zu Fuß: The Longest Way

By Christoph Rehage

Intensiver kann guy China nicht erleben: zu Fuß, ausgerüstet mit Rucksack, Kamera und Zelt. Der Filmstudent Christoph Rehage lässt sich im Herbst 2007 von Peking aus auf dieses Abenteuer ein. Sein Ziel: sein Heimatort in Niedersachsen. Er erlebt das Leben rechts und hyperlinks der Straße hautnah, unterhält sich mit Wahrsagern, Mönchen und Bergarbeitern, erklimmt heilige Berge und durchquert verlassene Täler, übersteht Schnee- und Sandstürme. Nach einem Jahr bricht er das Abenteuer aus privaten Gründen ab. Dieser Bildband ist das packende Zeugnis der 4646 Kilometer, die hinter ihm liegen. In persönlichen Texten erzählt Rehage vom Alltag der Menschen und hält seine Eindrücke in faszinierenden Bildern fest. „China zu Fuß“ dokumentiert die ungewöhnliche Reise eines ungewöhnlichen Mannes und bietet einen einzigartigen Blick auf das China von heute.

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Download e-book for iPad: Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Women: Antiquity Through by Lily Xiao Hong Lee, A.D. Stefanowska, Sue Wiles

By Lily Xiao Hong Lee, A.D. Stefanowska, Sue Wiles

This new quantity of the "Biographical Dictionary of chinese language ladies" spans greater than 2,000 years from antiquity to the early 7th century. It recovers the tales of greater than two hundred ladies, the majority of them unknown within the West. The participants have sifted conscientiously in the course of the on hand resources, from the oracle bones to the earliest legends, from Liu Xiang's didactic Biographies to professional and unofficial histories, for glimpses and insights into the lives of girls. Empresses and consorts, nuns and shamans, girls of notoriety or exemplary advantage, ladies of bold and ladies of creative or scholarly accomplishment - all are to be chanced on right here. The editors have assembled the tales of girls excessive born and occasional, representing the whole variety of girl exercise. The biographies are prepared alphabetically inside 3 historic groupings, to offer a few context to lives lived in altering conditions over millennia. A word list, a chronology, and a discovering record that identifies ladies of every interval by way of historical past or box of recreation also are supplied.

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